A violation of right found, but no remedy given-THE HINDU-22-05-2020
In India, the Constituent Assembly regarded the principle as so foundational that, through Article 32, it granted the Supreme Court the authority to issue a set of prerogative writs to enforce the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution. In this period, the Supreme Court has enunciated a number of rights which it found ought to be manifest on a proper reading of the Constitution.
These have included the rights to clean air, health, shelter, human dignity, and privacy. What it did instead was to relegate the decision-making to a newly formed committee comprising officials from the executive.
In doing so, it effectively reversed the age-old principle that no person shall act as a judge in his own cause.
Vagueness of purpose:
The answers are hard to find in the judgment. The Constitution, and the debates that went into its making, are clear on what the judiciary’s role ought to be. It is meant to act as an independent check on parliamentary and executive actions. In January, when, in Anuradha Bhasin, the Court recognised something akin to a fundamental right to access the Internet, the judgment was widely acclaimed.
Indeed, the petitioner in FMP relied on the Court’s judgment in Anuradha Bhasin to argue that a blanket restriction on 4G Internet across the region had had a deleterious impact on a slew of rights, including the rights to free speech and expression, education, freedom of trade, and health.
The Court’s own past decisions, including that of the very bench which heard FMP, prescribes a standard of proportionality to judge cases where a fundamental right is limited by state action.