Hybrid Electric Vehicles-The Hindu-01-08-2022

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CONTEXT: Automakers Maruti Suzuki, Toyota, and Honda have launched hybrid electric vehicles in India, offering car buyers more choices in the nascent electric vehicle market.

BACKGROUND :
Hybrid Electric Vehicle:
Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV): The vehicle uses both the internal combustion (usual petrol) engine and the battery-powered motor powertrain. The petrol engine is used both to drive and charge when the battery is empty. These vehicles are not as efficient as fully electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV): Uses both an internal combustion engine and a battery charged from an external socket (they have a plug). This means the vehicle’s battery can be charged with electricity rather than the engine. PHEVs are more efficient than HEVs but less efficient than BEVs.

BENEFITS OF HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE :
-The running cost of an electric vehicle is much lower than an equivalent petrol or diesel vehicle.
-Using renewable energy sources can make the use of electric vehicles more eco-friendly.
- The electricity cost can be reduced further if charging is done with the help of renewable energy sources installed at home, such as solar panels.
- Low maintenance costs because they don’t have as many moving parts as an internal combustion vehicle.
-Driving an electric vehicle can help you reduce your carbon footprint because there will be zero tailpipe emissions.
-Registration fees and road tax on purchasing electric vehicles are lesser than petrol or diesel vehicles.
-Vehicles don’t have gears and are very convenient to drive.
-Electric vehicles have the silent functioning capability as there is no engine under the hood.

CONCLUSION
Hybrid cars are definitely more environmentally friendly than internal-combustion vehicles. Batteries are being engineered to have a long life. When hybrid cars become more widespread, battery recycling will become economically possible. Research into other energy sources such as fuel cells and renewable fuels makes the future look brighter for hybrid cars.

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