MIG21-The Hindu-02-08-2022

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CONTEXT :

In a tragic accident, a MIG21 trainer jet of the Indian Air Force (IAF) crashed in Rajasthan last Thursday killing both the pilots onboard, Wing Commander M. Rana and Flight
Lieutenant Advitiya Bal. This has once again put the focus on the MIG21 jets as well as on the IAF’s fighter strength and modernisation.

IN DETAIL :

The Soviet-designed MiG-21—NATO code name Fishbed—is the most-produced supersonic jet aircraft in aviation history and the first Soviet aircraft to successfully combine fighter and interceptor traits. Created by Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the 1950s, it is best known as an effective and tenacious foe of the F-4 Phantom during the Vietnam War. It probably has flown in more wars than any other fighter.

What is MiG 21 Bison?

The MiG-21 Bison, one of India’s six fighter jets, is of Russian origin. It is a single engine, single seater multirole fighter aircraft. It has a maximum speed of 2,230 km/hr and carries one 23mm twin-barrel cannon with four R-60 close combat missiles. It is described as the “back-bone” of the IAF.

MIG 21 Design:

The aircraft has a delta wing which permits it to take turns without any rapid loss of speed. It has an operational range of 1210 Km, Flying speed of Mach 2 (2175 Km/h) and a surface ceiling of 17.8 Kms which makes it one of the best aircraft in its 3rd generation league.

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