Demand for Restoring the Old Pension Scheme-The Hindu-07-11-2022

Demand for Restoring the Old Pension Scheme-The Hindu-07-11-2022

Context :- Many states are demanding to restore the Old Pension Scheme and roll back the National Pension System (NPS).

Rajasthan has said it will bring back the old pension scheme in the state from the next financial year, and Chhattisgarh is expected to follow suit.

Governments of Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Assam have also formed committees regarding the old pension scheme.

National Pension System

The Central Government introduced the National Pension System (NPS) with effect from January 2004 (except for armed forces).

In 2018-19, to streamline the NPS and make it more attractive, the Union Cabinet approved changes in the scheme to benefit central government employees covered under NPS.

The NPS was launched as a way for the government to get rid of pension liabilities.

According to a news report that cited research from the early 2000s, India's pension debt was reaching uncontrollable levels.

On introduction of NPS, the Central Civil Services (Pension) Rules, 1972 was amended.

The NPS allows subscribers (government employees) to decide where they want to invest their money by contributing regularly in a pension account throughout their career.

After retirement they can withdraw a part of the pension amount in a lump sum and use the rest to buy an annuity for a regular income.


NPS is being implemented and regulated by PFRDA (Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority) in the country.

National Pension System Trust (NPST)established by PFRDA is the registered owner of all assets under NPS.


The All Citizens Model of the NPS allows all citizens of India (including NRIs) aged between 18 - 70 years to join NPS.

It is a participatory scheme, where employees contribute to their pension corpus from their salaries, with matching contributions from the government. The funds are then invested in earmarked investment schemes through Pension Fund Managers.

In 2019, the Finance Ministry said that Central government employees have the option of selecting the Pension Funds (PFs) and Investment Pattern.

At retirement, they can withdraw 60% of the corpus, which is tax-free and the remaining 40% is invested in annuities, which is taxed.

Even private individuals can opt for the scheme.

Old Pension Scheme 

The scheme assures life-long income, post-retirement.

Usually the assured amount is equivalent to 50% of the last drawn salary.

The Government bears the expenditureincurred on the pension. The scheme was discontinued in 2004.


Economists say the issue is simple -- longer lifespans meaning more pension payout.

For instance, employees retiring at 60 and having an average lifespan of nearly 80 years or more have to be paid for over two decades after superannuation.

Moreover, in the event of the death of the pensioner, their spouses are entitled for a portion of the pension under the OPS. This s led to a massive pension burden on the Union and state governments.

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