Uttarakhand Foundation Day-The Hindu-09-11-2022

Uttarakhand Foundation Day-The Hindu-09-11-2022


About Uttarakhand Foundation Day

Uttarakhand was formed by combining several districts located in the northwestern parts of Uttar Pradesh. It was the 27th state of India. Uttarakhand in Sanskrit means northern city.

Uttarakhand is known as Land of the Gods, DEVBHUMI. It is surrounded by Kumaon hills, Great Himalayas, Garhwal Hills and Shiwalik Hills. It was first named as Uttaranchal when it was formed in 2000. Later the name was changed to Uttarakhand in 2007. The state is surrounded by Terai regions, Himalayas and the Bhabar. It has several pilgrimage centres such as Kedarnath, Badrinath, Yamunotri, and Gangotri. These four places are referred to Char dhams. This is why it is called Land of Gods

Neighbouring states
Nepal, Tibet, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh are the neighbouring states of Uttarakhand.

Population of Uttarakhand
There are two geo-cultural regions in the state. They are Kumaon and Garhwal. The state is highly multi-ethnic. It comprises of Kumauni, Rajputs, Garhwali and Gujjar. The majority of the people in the state speak Indo-Aryan languages. They also speak Nepali, Punjabi, Garhwali and Kumauni. Hindi is the official language of the state.

National Parks and Sanctuaries in Uttarakhand
The major national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in the State of Uttarakhand are as follows
Nanda Devi Biosphere
Govind National Park
Corbett National Park
Rajaji National Park
Gangotri National Park
Govind Wild Life Sanctuary
Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary
Asan Wildlife Sanctuary
Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary

Rivers in Uttarakhand
Ganga, Kali, Yamuna and Tons are the famous rivers in the state.

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