India and Refugee Policy - The Hindu - 30/11/22
Recently, many Kuki-Chin refugees from Chittagong Hill Tract Area in Bangladesh entered Mizoram (India) fearing an attack from Bangladesh security forces against them.
Mizoram Government expressed sympathy for the refugees, who belong to the Chin-Kuki-Mizo communities, and resolved to give temporary shelter, food and other relief as per convenience of the state government.
Causes these Refugee Influx:-
-The CHT (Chittagong Hill Tracts) is an impoverished hilly, forested area that sprawls over more than 13,000 sq km of the Khagrachari, Rangamati, and Bandarban districts of southeastern Bangladesh, bordering Mizoram to the east, Tripura to the north, and Myanmar to the south and southeast.
-A significant portion of the population is tribal, and culturally and ethnically different from the majority Muslim Bangladeshis who live in the country’s deltaic mainland.
-The tribal population of the CHT has ethnic links with tribal populations in the adjacent areas of India, mainly in Mizoram.
India’s Refugee Policy:-
-India lacks specific legislation to address the problem of refugees, in spite of their increasing inflow.
-India is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol, the key legal documents pertaining to refugee protection.
-However, India has had a stellar record on the issue of refugee protection. India has a moral tradition for assimilating foreign people and culture.
-Moreover, the Foreigners Act, 1946, fails to address the peculiar problems faced by refugees as a class.