Zombie Virus - ET - 01/12/22

European researchers have raised concerns of yet another pandemic after resurrecting a 48,500-year-old ‘Zombie Virus’ from a frozen lake in Russia.
The researchers warned that Climate change-induced thawing of the permanently frozen land (permafrost) in the Arctic could pose a new public health threat.
Prelims, GS2, GS3
-13 new pathogens have been characterized, what are termed ‘Zombie Viruses’, which remained infectious despite spending many millennia trapped in the frozen ground.
-The virus emerged due to the thawing of permafrost as the global temperature is rising.
-The new strain is one of 13 viruses, each of which possesses its own genome.
-The oldest, dubbed Pandoravirus yedoma after the mythological character Pandora, was 48,500 years old, a record age for a frozen virus returning to a state where it has the potential to infect other organisms.

-One-quarter of the Northern hemisphere is underlain by permanently frozen ground, referred to as permafrost.
-Due to climate warming, irreversibly thawing permafrost is releasing organic matter frozen for up to a million years, most of which decomposes into carbon dioxide and methane, further enhancing the greenhouse effect.

Potential Impact:
-All of the "zombie viruses" have the potential to be infectious and hence pose a "health danger" after researching the live cultures.
-It is believed that pandemics like Covid-19 will become more common in the future as melting permafrost releases long-dormant viruses like a microbial Captain America.

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