National and State Parties - IE - 10/12/22
Recently, the Aam Aadmi Party became the 9th National Party of India after the result of Gujarat elections where it gained almost 13% of the vote share.
At the time of the first General Elections (1952), there were 14 national parties in India.
National Party: As the name suggests, it has a nationwide presence as opposed to a regional party that is restricted to only a particular state or region.
A certain stature is sometimes associated with being a national party, but this does not necessarily translate into having a lot of national political influence.
-->Conditions for Declaring a Party ‘National’:
As per the ECI’s Political Parties and Election Symbols, 2019 handbook, a political party would be considered a national party if:
1.It is ‘recognised’ in four or more states; or
2.If its candidates have secured at least 6% of total valid votes in at least 4 states (in latest Lok Sabha or Assembly elections) and the party has at least 4 MPs in the last LS polls; or
3.If it has won at least 2% of the total seats in the LS from at least 3 states.
-A party is recognised as a state party in a state if any of the following conditions is fulfilled:
-If it secures 6% of the valid votes polled in the state at a general election to the respective state legislative assembly (state LA) and also, it wins 2 seats in the same state LA.
-If it secures 6% of the total valid votes in the state at a general election to the LS; and also, it wins 1 seat in the LS from the same state.
-If it wins 3% of seats in the LA at a general election to the legislative assembly of the state concerned or 3 seats in the assembly (whichever is more).
-If it wins 1 seat in the LS for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to the state at a general election to the LS from the state concerned.
-If it secures 8% of the total valid votes polled in the state at a General Election to the LS from the state or to the State LA.