Status of Solar Power Projects - The Hindu - 15/12/22

Recently, the Ministry for New and Renewable Energy has reported that the government has so far sanctioned the development of solar projects with a capacity of nearly 39,000 MW but only 25% have actually been commissioned so far.
These solar projects were sanctioned under the ‘Scheme for Development of Solar Parks and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects’.
GS2, GS3

Scheme for Development of Solar Parks and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects:-
-The scheme was rolled out by the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy in 2014. Under this scheme, it was proposed to set up at least 25 Solar Parks and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects targeting over 20,000 MW of solar power installed capacity within a span of 5 years starting from 2014-15.
-The capacity of the Scheme was enhanced from 20,000 MW to 40,000 MW. These parks are proposed to be set up by 2021-22.
-Implementing Agency: The implementing agency is termed as Solar Power Park Developer (SPPD).

-->Challenges in Solar Projects Commissioning:
-Hurdles in acquisition of land with clear title.
-A “mismatch” in the time taken to set up a project and the infrastructure to route the power produced to the grid.
-Environmental issues and the halt in economic activity due to COVID-19.
-In recent years, the habitat of the Great Indian Bustard, a critically endangered species numbering less than 200 in Rajasthan, has been encroached upon by solar power projects particularly by transmission lines that endanger the bird.

-->Initiatives has India Taken for Solar Energy?
1.Solar Park Scheme
2.Rooftop solar scheme
3.Atal Jyoti Yojana (AJAY)
4.National Solar Mission
5.SRISTI Scheme
6.International solar alliance(ISA)

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