Denotified, Nomadic, Semi-Nomadic Tribes - The Hindu - 27/12/22

The Parliamentary panel on Social Justice and Empowerment has asked the government to expedite categorisation of Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes under either the SC/ST/OBC lists. Delay would increase their suffering and deprive them of welfare schemes.

->Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes:
-These are communities that are the most vulnerable and deprived.
-DNTs (Denotified) are communities that were ‘notified’ as being ‘born criminals’ during the British regime under a series of laws starting with the Criminal Tribes Act of 1871.
-A few of these communities which were listed as de-notified were also nomadic
-Historically, Nomadic Tribes and De-notified Tribes never had access to private land or home ownership.
-While most DNTs are spread across the Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) categories, some DNTs are not covered in any of the SC, ST or OBC categories.

->Challenges Faced by Nomadic Tribes:
-Lack of Basic Infrastructure Facilities
-Bad Treatment by Local Administration
-Lack of Social Security Cover
-The caste categorization is not very clear for these communities, in some states some of the communities are included under the SC category, in some other states they are included under OBCs.

->Related Developmental Efforts Regarding:
-Dr. Ambedkar Pre-Matric and Post-Matric Scholarship for DNTs
-Nanaji Deshmukh Scheme of Construction of Hostels for DNT Boys and Girls
-Scheme for Economic Empowerment of DNTs

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