State of Food Insecurity in 2022 - DTE - 28/12/22

Hunger has remained grisly in several parts of the world including India in 2022, so much so that the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) called 2022 ‘The year of Unprecedented Hunger’. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), about 307 crore people worldwide could not afford a healthy diet in 2020. India is home to almost a third of this global population.
->Highlights from Various Reports:
i. World Food Programme: The number of people facing acute food insecurity has almost tripled since 2019 and as many as 828 million people go to bed hungry every night, according to WFP (World Food Programme).
ii. The Future of Food and Agriculture by FAO: According to FAO’s report Future of Food and Agriculture — Drivers and triggers for transformation, the world will witness persistent food insecurity if agrifood systems remain the same.
iii. Global Hunger Index (GHI): India ranked an abysmal 107 out of 121 countries on the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2022.
Among the South Asian countries, India (107) is ranked below Sri Lanka (64), Nepal (81), Bangladesh (84), and Pakistan (99).

->Suggestions given by the Various Reports:
i. Systemic Policy Changes: Systemic policy changes and global concerted efforts are necessary to alleviate the condition of these people and meet the UN-mandated Sustainable Development Goal of ‘Zero Hunger’ by 2030.
ii. Sustainable Agricultural Systems: With the rapid growth of the human population, our demand for food has also risen.
iii. Population Decline of Insects: Without an abundance of insect pollinators, humans face the mind-boggling challenge of growing food and other agricultural products at scale.
iv. Think Beyond Short Term Needs: Decision makers need to think beyond short-term needs. A lack of vision, piecemeal approaches and quick fixes will come at a high cost for everyone

->India’s Initiatives to Eradicate Hunger/Malnutrition:
-Eat Right India Movement
-POSHAN Abhiyan
-Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
-Food Fortification
-National Food Security Act, 2013
-Mission Indradhanush
-Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme etc...

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