NCW’s Concerns over Sexual Assault - The Hindu - 02/01/23

The National Commission for Women (NCW) has asked all States to ensure strict implementation of the sexual harassment at workplace law.

->Concerns of NCW:
-The NCW has expressing concern over incidents of sexual harassment at coaching centres and educational institutes and asked to ensure strict implementation of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and -Redressal) Act, 2013 and guidelines established thereunder.
In recent years, sexual harassment at workplace is becoming one of the most pressing issues affecting women across the globe.
-Nearly 31,000 complaints of crimes committed against women were received by the NCW in 2022, the highest since 2014.

-->Protection of Women Against Sexual Harassment Act, 2013
-Background: The Supreme Court in a landmark judgement in the Vishakha and others v State of Rajasthan 1997 case gave ‘Vishakha guidelines.
-Mechanism: The Act defines sexual harassment at the workplace and creates a mechanism for redressal of complaints.
-Penal Provisions: Penalties have been prescribed for employers. Non-compliance with the provisions of the Act shall be punishable with a fine.
-Responsibility of Administration: The State Government will notify the District Officer in every district, who will constitute a Local Complaints Committee (LCC) so as to enable women in the unorganised sector or small establishments to work in an environment free of sexual harassment.

->Women Empowerment Schemes:
-Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
-One Stop Centre Scheme
-UJJAWALA: A Comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation and Re-integration of Victims of Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation
-Mahila police Volunteers
-Mahila Shakti Kendras (MSK)

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