Census - The Hindu - 09/01/23

Recently, the government has extended the date for states and Union territories to finalise their administrative boundaries by June 2023, which may delay the Census 2021 Exercise.
->Implications of Delay:
-Affect Political Representation
-Delimitation of Of Constituency
-Unreliable Estimates on Welfare Measures
-Impact Houselisting

->Population Census is the total process of collecting, compiling, analyzing and disseminating demographic, economic and social data pertaining, at a specific time, of all persons in a country or a well-defined part of a country. Census is the basis for reviewing the country's progress in the past decade, monitoring the ongoing schemes of the government and plan for the future.

-The exercise is undertaken every 10 years in India.
-Other Countries: Every 10 years in many countries (Ex. United States and Britain) and every five years (Ex. Canada, Japan) or at irregular intervals in some countries.

->Nodal Ministry: The decennial Census is conducted by the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs.

->Significance of the Census:
-Source of Information
-Good Governance
-Better Access for Businesses

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