India drop 10 ranks to 51st position in EIU Democracy Index- THE HINDU-23-03-2020


India – the world’s biggest democracy has slipped 10 places in the 2019 Democracy Index to 51st place.
The report, “A year of democratic setbacks and popular protest”, was done by the Economist Intelligence Unit — the research and analysis division of the Economist Group, which is the sister company to ‘The Economist’ newspaper.
The report records how global democracy fared, analysing 165 independent states and two territories.

What does the report say?


India’s overall score fell from 7.23 to 6.9, on a scale of 0-10, within a year (2018-2019) — the country’s lowest since 2006.
India ranks eighth in the Asia and Australasia region, behind Taiwan and Timor-Leste.
The survey attributes the primary cause of the democratic regression to an erosion of civil liberties in the country.
The report talks about the repeal of both Article 370 and Article 35A and the events that followed.
It notes that the government restricted Internet access in the state.
It pointed out that the NRC exercise in Assam excluded 1.9 million people from the final list, and that the vast majority of people excluded from the NRC are Muslims.
On the CAA, the report says that it has enraged the large Muslim population, stoked communal tensions and generated large protests in major cities.

The average global score also recorded its worst value ever, down from 5.48 in 2018 to 5.44.
The fall is driven by a sharp regression in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa, a lesser one in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, and by stagnation in the remaining regions that were covered.

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